A guard suffered a leg injury when poles and concrete were used as weapons to attack authorities during a violent uprising that began on Thursday night.
Police used capsicum spray and bean-bag bullets to quash the unrest involving 80 to 100 asylum seekers.
The Opposition said it was a clear sign the Gillard Government had "lost control" of the immigration detention system, which now costs about $1 billion to run.
Officials are bracing for further protests over the weekend after some detainees took to the roof of the centre to continue action.
An inquiry is already being held into the March violence at Christmas Island that left buildings torched and cost millions of dollars.